Osteoporosis is defined as a degenerative disease characterised by a decrease in bone mineral density.
Osteopenia is a condition where bone mineral density is less than in normal bone but not to the degree of osteoporosis.
Peak bone mass is reached by around 30 years of age.
Post menopausal woman can lose 1-2% of bone mass annually.
Osteoporosis does affect men too, however as males generally weigh more and have more muscle mass than females, they are affected to a lesser extent.
Loss of bone mineral density leads to bones becoming more susceptible to fractures.
Fractures lead to
- a decrease in physical activity
- an increase in susceptibility to further health conditions and mortality
Osteoporosis, which means porous bones, causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stress fractures can occur whilst walking, bending over or even coughing.
Osteoporosis can be present without any symptoms for decades. People are often unaware they have osteoporosis until they experience a fracture.
Osteoporotic fractures cause considerable pain leading to a decrease in quality of life and disability.
Up to 30% of patients who experience hip fractures will require long-term nursing-home care. Elderly patients can develop pneumonia and blood clots due to prolonged bed rest after a hip fracture.
Also, once someone has experienced a spinal fracture they are at a very high risk of suffering a recurrent fracture.
Benefits of MedStrength training
Research has identified that regular, on-going strength training for post-menopausal women is an effective means to:
- preserve bone density
- improve muscle mass, strength and balance
Strength training over a period of time will prevent not only the loss of bone mineral density, but also will work to build bone matter. Bone re-modeling is directly dependent on the mechanical load placed on it during strengthening of the musculoskeletal system.
Further research clearly reinforces the positive link between muscle-strengthening and osteoporosis prevention in women.
Join MedStrength for your bone health.