Aging and muscle loss

Age is no barrier to a strong body.

Age-related presence of low muscle mass and low muscle function (strength or performance) is termed Sarcopenia.

Sarcopenia begins after the age of 30 and accelerates after the age of approximately 75 years.

Sarcopenia is accelerated due to a lack of physical activity and stimulation of the musculoskeletal system. The amount of physical activity a person does generally declines with age. Physically inactive adults will see a faster and greater loss of muscle mass than physically-active adults.

Studies over the past two decades indicate that progressive resistance strength training produces increases in strength, mass, endurance and quality of skeletal muscle regardless of age.

Benefits of strength training for the older individual include:

  • improved endurance and stamina – as you grow stronger you don’t fatigue as easily
  • improved flexibility and mobility
  • improved quality of movement
  • improved functional ability in daily activities and daily chores
  • reduction in insulin resistance
  • reduced risk factors for falls, injuries and fractures
  • prevention of the loss of bone mineral density with age
  • normalised blood pressure in those with high normal values
  • increases in resting metabolic rate
  • improved sense of wellbeing – boosts self confidence, mood and self image